Command-line Options

$ geth --help
NAME:
   geth - the go-ethereum command line interface

   Copyright 2013-2019 The go-ethereum Authors

USAGE:
   geth [options] command [command options] [arguments...]
   
VERSION:
   1.9.19-stable-3e064192
   
COMMANDS:
   account                            Manage accounts 管理账户
   attach                             Start an interactive JavaScript environment (connect to node) 启动交互式JavaScript环境(连接到节点)
   console                            Start an interactive JavaScript environment 启动交互式JavaScript环境
   copydb                             Create a local chain from a target chaindata folder 从目标chaindata文件夹创建本地链
   dump                               Dump a specific block from storage 从存储中转储特定块
   dumpconfig                         Show configuration values 显示配置值
   dumpgenesis                        Dumps genesis block JSON configuration to stdout 转储创世纪阻止JSON配置到标准输出
   export                             Export blockchain into file 将区块链导出到文件
   export-preimages                   Export the preimage database into an RLP stream
   import                             Import a blockchain file 导入区块链文件
   import-preimages                   Import the preimage database from an RLP stream 从RLP流导入原像数据库
   init                               Bootstrap and initialize a new genesis block 引导并初始化新的创世块
   inspect                            Inspect the storage size for each type of data in the database
   js                                 Execute the specified JavaScript files 执行指定的JavaScript文件
   license                            Display license information
   makecache                          Generate ethash verification cache (for testing) 生成ethash验证缓存(用于测试)
   makedag                            Generate ethash mining DAG (for testing) 生成ethash挖掘DAG(用于测试)
   removedb                           Remove blockchain and state databases 删除区块链和状态数据库
   retesteth                          Launches geth in retesteth mode 在retesteth模式下启动geth
   show-deprecated-flags              Show flags that have been deprecated
   version                            Print version numbers
   wallet                             Manage Ethereum presale wallets
   help, h                            Shows a list of commands or help for one command
   
ETHEREUM OPTIONS:
  --config value                      TOML configuration file TOML配置文件
  --datadir value                     Data directory for the databases and keystore (default: "~/.ethereum") 数据库和密钥库的数据目录(默认值:“〜/ .ethereum”)
  --datadir.ancient value             Data directory for ancient chain segments (default = inside chaindata)
  --keystore value                    Directory for the keystore (default = inside the datadir)密钥库的目录
  --nousb                             Disables monitoring for and managing USB hardware wallets 禁用监视和管理USB硬件钱包
  --pcscdpath value                   Path to the smartcard daemon (pcscd) socket file (default: "/run/pcscd/pcscd.comm")
  --networkid value                   Network identifier (integer, 1=Frontier, 3=Ropsten, 4=Rinkeby, 5=Görli) (default: 1)网络标识符(整数,1 =边界,3 = Ropsten,4 = Rinkeby,5 =Görli)(默认值:1)
  --goerli                            Görli network: pre-configured proof-of-authority test network
  --rinkeby                           Rinkeby network: pre-configured proof-of-authority test network
  --yolov1                            YOLOv1 network: pre-configured proof-of-authority shortlived test network.
  --ropsten                           Ropsten network: pre-configured proof-of-work test network
  --syncmode value                    Blockchain sync mode ("fast", "full", or "light") (default: fast)区块链同步模式
  --exitwhensynced                    Exits after block synchronisation completes
  --gcmode value                      Blockchain garbage collection mode ("full", "archive") (default: "full")
  --txlookuplimit value               Number of recent blocks to maintain transactions index by-hash for (default = index all blocks) (default: 0)
  --ethstats value                    Reporting URL of a ethstats service (nodename:secret@host:port)
  --identity value                    Custom node name 自定义节点名称
  --lightkdf                          Reduce key-derivation RAM & CPU usage at some expense of KDF strength
  --whitelist value                   Comma separated block number-to-hash mappings to enforce (<number>=<hash>)
  
LIGHT CLIENT OPTIONS:
  --light.serve value                 Maximum percentage of time allowed for serving LES requests (multi-threaded processing allows values over 100) (default: 0)
  --light.ingress value               Incoming bandwidth limit for serving light clients (kilobytes/sec, 0 = unlimited) (default: 0)
  --light.egress value                Outgoing bandwidth limit for serving light clients (kilobytes/sec, 0 = unlimited) (default: 0)
  --light.maxpeers value              Maximum number of light clients to serve, or light servers to attach to (default: 100)
  --ulc.servers value                 List of trusted ultra-light servers
  --ulc.fraction value                Minimum % of trusted ultra-light servers required to announce a new head (default: 75)
  --ulc.onlyannounce                  Ultra light server sends announcements only
  --light.nopruning                   Disable ancient light chain data pruning
  
DEVELOPER CHAIN OPTIONS:
  --dev                               Ephemeral proof-of-authority network with a pre-funded developer account, mining enabled临时授权证明网络,带有预付款的开发人员帐户,已启用挖掘
  --dev.period value                  Block period to use in developer mode (0 = mine only if transaction pending) (default: 0)
  
ETHASH OPTIONS:
  --ethash.cachedir value             Directory to store the ethash verification caches (default = inside the datadir)
  --ethash.cachesinmem value          Number of recent ethash caches to keep in memory (16MB each) (default: 2)
  --ethash.cachesondisk value         Number of recent ethash caches to keep on disk (16MB each) (default: 3)
  --ethash.cacheslockmmap             Lock memory maps of recent ethash caches
  --ethash.dagdir value               Directory to store the ethash mining DAGs (default: "~/.ethash")
  --ethash.dagsinmem value            Number of recent ethash mining DAGs to keep in memory (1+GB each) (default: 1)
  --ethash.dagsondisk value           Number of recent ethash mining DAGs to keep on disk (1+GB each) (default: 2)
  --ethash.dagslockmmap               Lock memory maps for recent ethash mining DAGs
  
TRANSACTION POOL OPTIONS:
  --txpool.locals value               Comma separated accounts to treat as locals (no flush, priority inclusion)
  --txpool.nolocals                   Disables price exemptions for locally submitted transactions
  --txpool.journal value              Disk journal for local transaction to survive node restarts (default: "transactions.rlp")
  --txpool.rejournal value            Time interval to regenerate the local transaction journal (default: 1h0m0s)
  --txpool.pricelimit value           Minimum gas price limit to enforce for acceptance into the pool (default: 1)
  --txpool.pricebump value            Price bump percentage to replace an already existing transaction (default: 10)
  --txpool.accountslots value         Minimum number of executable transaction slots guaranteed per account (default: 16)
  --txpool.globalslots value          Maximum number of executable transaction slots for all accounts (default: 4096)
  --txpool.accountqueue value         Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots permitted per account (default: 64)
  --txpool.globalqueue value          Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots for all accounts (default: 1024)
  --txpool.lifetime value             Maximum amount of time non-executable transaction are queued (default: 3h0m0s)
  
PERFORMANCE TUNING OPTIONS:
  --cache value                       Megabytes of memory allocated to internal caching (default = 4096 mainnet full node, 128 light mode) (default: 1024)
  --cache.database value              Percentage of cache memory allowance to use for database io (default: 50)
  --cache.trie value                  Percentage of cache memory allowance to use for trie caching (default = 15% full mode, 30% archive mode) (default: 15)
  --cache.trie.journal value          Disk journal directory for trie cache to survive node restarts (default: "triecache")
  --cache.trie.rejournal value        Time interval to regenerate the trie cache journal (default: 1h0m0s)
  --cache.gc value                    Percentage of cache memory allowance to use for trie pruning (default = 25% full mode, 0% archive mode) (default: 25)
  --cache.snapshot value              Percentage of cache memory allowance to use for snapshot caching (default = 10% full mode, 20% archive mode) (default: 10)
  --cache.noprefetch                  Disable heuristic state prefetch during block import (less CPU and disk IO, more time waiting for data)
  
ACCOUNT OPTIONS:
  --unlock value                      Comma separated list of accounts to unlock
  --password value                    Password file to use for non-interactive password input
  --signer value                      External signer (url or path to ipc file)
  --allow-insecure-unlock             Allow insecure account unlocking when account-related RPCs are exposed by http
  
API AND CONSOLE OPTIONS:
  --ipcdisable                        Disable the IPC-RPC server 禁用IPC-RPC服务
  --ipcpath value                     Filename for IPC socket/pipe within the datadir (explicit paths escape it)datadir中IPC socket/pipe的文件名(显式路径对其进行转义)
  --http                              Enable the HTTP-RPC server 开启 HTTP-RPC服务
  --http.addr value                   HTTP-RPC server listening interface (default: "localhost") HTTP-RPC服务器侦听接口(默认值:“ localhost”)
  --http.port value                   HTTP-RPC server listening port (default: 8545)HTTP-RPC服务器侦听端口(默认:8545)
  --http.api value                    API's offered over the HTTP-RPC interface 通过HTTP-RPC接口提供的API
  --http.corsdomain value             Comma separated list of domains from which to accept cross origin requests (browser enforced) 逗号分隔的跨域列表,从中接受跨域请求(强制浏览器)
  --http.vhosts value                 Comma separated list of virtual hostnames from which to accept requests (server enforced). Accepts '*' wildcard. (default: "localhost")逗号分隔的虚拟主机名列表,从中接受请求(服务器强制执行)。接受“ *”通配符。(默认值:“ localhost”)
  --ws                                Enable the WS-RPC server
  --ws.addr value                     WS-RPC server listening interface (default: "localhost")
  --ws.port value                     WS-RPC server listening port (default: 8546)
  --ws.api value                      API's offered over the WS-RPC interface
  --ws.origins value                  Origins from which to accept websockets requests
  --graphql                           Enable GraphQL on the HTTP-RPC server. Note that GraphQL can only be started if an HTTP server is started as well.
  --graphql.corsdomain value          Comma separated list of domains from which to accept cross origin requests (browser enforced)
  --graphql.vhosts value              Comma separated list of virtual hostnames from which to accept requests (server enforced). Accepts '*' wildcard. (default: "localhost")
  --rpc.gascap value                  Sets a cap on gas that can be used in eth_call/estimateGas (0=infinite) (default: 25000000)
  --rpc.txfeecap value                Sets a cap on transaction fee (in ether) that can be sent via the RPC APIs (0 = no cap) (default: 1)
  --jspath loadScript                 JavaScript root path for loadScript (default: ".")
  --exec value                        Execute JavaScript statement 执行JavaScript语句
  --preload value                     Comma separated list of JavaScript files to preload into the console
  
NETWORKING OPTIONS:
  --bootnodes value                   Comma separated enode URLs for P2P discovery bootstrap P2P发现引导程序的逗号分隔enode URL
  --bootnodesv4 value                 Comma separated enode URLs for P2P v4 discovery bootstrap (light server, full nodes) (deprecated, use --bootnodes)
  --bootnodesv5 value                 Comma separated enode URLs for P2P v5 discovery bootstrap (light server, light nodes) (deprecated, use --bootnodes)
  --discovery.dns value               Sets DNS discovery entry points (use "" to disable DNS)
  --port value                        Network listening port (default: 30303)
  --maxpeers value                    Maximum number of network peers (network disabled if set to 0) (default: 50)
  --maxpendpeers value                Maximum number of pending connection attempts (defaults used if set to 0) (default: 0)
  --nat value                         NAT port mapping mechanism (any|none|upnp|pmp|extip:<IP>) (default: "any")
  --nodiscover                        Disables the peer discovery mechanism (manual peer addition)
  --v5disc                            Enables the experimental RLPx V5 (Topic Discovery) mechanism
  --netrestrict value                 Restricts network communication to the given IP networks (CIDR masks)
  --nodekey value                     P2P node key file
  --nodekeyhex value                  P2P node key as hex (for testing)
  
MINER OPTIONS:
  --mine                              Enable mining
  --miner.threads value               Number of CPU threads to use for mining (default: 0)
  --miner.notify value                Comma separated HTTP URL list to notify of new work packages
  --miner.gasprice value              Minimum gas price for mining a transaction (default: 1000000000)
  --miner.gastarget value             Target gas floor for mined blocks (default: 8000000)
  --miner.gaslimit value              Target gas ceiling for mined blocks (default: 8000000)
  --miner.etherbase value             Public address for block mining rewards (default = first account) (default: "0")
  --miner.extradata value             Block extra data set by the miner (default = client version)
  --miner.recommit value              Time interval to recreate the block being mined (default: 3s)
  --miner.noverify                    Disable remote sealing verification
  
GAS PRICE ORACLE OPTIONS:
  --gpo.blocks value                  Number of recent blocks to check for gas prices (default: 20)
  --gpo.percentile value              Suggested gas price is the given percentile of a set of recent transaction gas prices (default: 60)
  
VIRTUAL MACHINE OPTIONS:
  --vmdebug                           Record information useful for VM and contract debugging
  --vm.evm value                      External EVM configuration (default = built-in interpreter)
  --vm.ewasm value                    External ewasm configuration (default = built-in interpreter)
  
LOGGING AND DEBUGGING OPTIONS:
  --fakepow                           Disables proof-of-work verification
  --nocompaction                      Disables db compaction after import
  --verbosity value                   Logging verbosity: 0=silent, 1=error, 2=warn, 3=info, 4=debug, 5=detail (default: 3)
  --vmodule value                     Per-module verbosity: comma-separated list of <pattern>=<level> (e.g. eth/*=5,p2p=4)
  --backtrace value                   Request a stack trace at a specific logging statement (e.g. "block.go:271")
  --debug                             Prepends log messages with call-site location (file and line number)
  --pprof                             Enable the pprof HTTP server
  --pprof.addr value                  pprof HTTP server listening interface (default: "127.0.0.1")
  --pprof.port value                  pprof HTTP server listening port (default: 6060)
  --pprof.memprofilerate value        Turn on memory profiling with the given rate (default: 524288)
  --pprof.blockprofilerate value      Turn on block profiling with the given rate (default: 0)
  --pprof.cpuprofile value            Write CPU profile to the given file
  --trace value                       Write execution trace to the given file
  
METRICS AND STATS OPTIONS:
  --metrics                           Enable metrics collection and reporting
  --metrics.expensive                 Enable expensive metrics collection and reporting
  --metrics.addr value                Enable stand-alone metrics HTTP server listening interface (default: "127.0.0.1")
  --metrics.port value                Metrics HTTP server listening port (default: 6060)
  --metrics.influxdb                  Enable metrics export/push to an external InfluxDB database
  --metrics.influxdb.endpoint value   InfluxDB API endpoint to report metrics to (default: "http://localhost:8086")
  --metrics.influxdb.database value   InfluxDB database name to push reported metrics to (default: "geth")
  --metrics.influxdb.username value   Username to authorize access to the database (default: "test")
  --metrics.influxdb.password value   Password to authorize access to the database (default: "test")
  --metrics.influxdb.tags value       Comma-separated InfluxDB tags (key/values) attached to all measurements (default: "host=localhost")
  
WHISPER (EXPERIMENTAL) OPTIONS:
  --shh                               Enable Whisper 启用耳语
  --shh.maxmessagesize value          Max message size accepted (default: 1048576) 消息大小值(默认值:1048576)
  --shh.pow value                     Minimum POW accepted (default: 0.2)
  --shh.restrict-light                Restrict connection between two whisper light clients
  
ALIASED (deprecated) OPTIONS:
  --rpc                               Enable the HTTP-RPC server (deprecated, use --http) 启用HTTP-RPC服务器(不建议使用--http)
  --rpcaddr value                     HTTP-RPC server listening interface (deprecated, use --http.addr) (default: "localhost")HTTP-RPC服务器侦听接口(不建议使用,使用--http.addr)(默认值:“ localhost”)
  --rpcport value                     HTTP-RPC server listening port (deprecated, use --http.port) (default: 8545)HTTP-RPC服务器侦听端口(不建议使用,使用--http.port)(默认值:8545)
  --rpccorsdomain value               Comma separated list of domains from which to accept cross origin requests (browser enforced) (deprecated, use --http.corsdomain)
  --rpcvhosts value                   Comma separated list of virtual hostnames from which to accept requests (server enforced). Accepts '*' wildcard. (deprecated, use --http.vhosts) (default: "localhost")
  --rpcapi value                      API's offered over the HTTP-RPC interface (deprecated, use --http.api)
  --wsaddr value                      WS-RPC server listening interface (deprecated, use --ws.addr) (default: "localhost")
  --wsport value                      WS-RPC server listening port (deprecated, use --ws.port) (default: 8546)
  --wsorigins value                   Origins from which to accept websockets requests (deprecated, use --ws.origins)
  --wsapi value                       API's offered over the WS-RPC interface (deprecated, use --ws.api)
  --gpoblocks value                   Number of recent blocks to check for gas prices (deprecated, use --gpo.blocks) (default: 20)
  --gpopercentile value               Suggested gas price is the given percentile of a set of recent transaction gas prices (deprecated, use --gpo.percentile) (default: 60)
  --graphql.addr value                GraphQL server listening interface (deprecated, graphql can only be enabled on the HTTP-RPC server endpoint, use --graphql)
  --graphql.port value                GraphQL server listening port (deprecated, graphql can only be enabled on the HTTP-RPC server endpoint, use --graphql) (default: 8545)
  --pprofport value                   pprof HTTP server listening port (deprecated, use --pprof.port) (default: 6060)
  --pprofaddr value                   pprof HTTP server listening interface (deprecated, use --pprof.addr) (default: "127.0.0.1")
  --memprofilerate value              Turn on memory profiling with the given rate (deprecated, use --pprof.memprofilerate) (default: 524288)
  --blockprofilerate value            Turn on block profiling with the given rate (deprecated, use --pprof.blockprofilerate) (default: 0)
  --cpuprofile value                  Write CPU profile to the given file (deprecated, use --pprof.cpuprofile)
  
MISC OPTIONS:
  --snapshot                          Enables snapshot-database mode -- experimental work in progress feature
  --help, -h                          show help
  

COPYRIGHT:
   Copyright 2013-2020 The go-ethereum Authors